Affected Regions: Africa and South America, especially sub-Saharan Africa and tropical South America. Even if there are no current reports of Yellow Fever in the region you plan to visit, these continents are still high-risk destinations. Consult with Dr. Adams well in advance of your departure date if you are planning on visiting these areas.
Cause: Yellow Fever is a hemorrhagic fever caused by a virus spread by mosquitoes. Yellow Fever can be mild (“Acute”), resulting in fever, nausea and vomiting, or severe (“Toxic”), causing severe illness, and jaundice. If Yellow Fever progresses to the latter stage, it carries an almost 50% risk of death.
Symptoms: Fever, headache, muscle aches, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, red eyes, and discoloration of the face or tongue. If you develop these symptoms even after you have left the affected area, seek emergency medical care.
Preventive Action: Even though there is no treatment for Yellow Fever once it is contracted, a yellow fever vaccine prior to travel is very effective at preventing the disease. Make an appointment with Dr. Adams four to six weeks prior to travel to Africa, South America, or any area affected with Yellow Fever.