Affected Regions: Typhoid Fever is rare in the industrialized world, but remains a threat in developing nations around the globe.
Cause: Typhoid is caused by Salmonella bacteria, and is spread through food, water, or via a person who’s already been infected with the bacteria. In addition to taking behavioral precautions, such as avoiding local tap water and contaminated foods, typhoid can often be prevented with vaccination prior to travel to affected Regions.
Symptoms: Symptoms of Typhoid Fever include high fever, headache, abdominal pain, and either constipation or diarrhea.
Treatment: Antibiotics are usually effective in treating typhoid fever. In rare cases, complications from Typhoid Fever can cause fatalities.
Preventive Action: Currently there are two different types of typhoid fever vaccine used to immunize the traveler against Typhoid Fever. One type is injected in a single dose, and the other is given orally over a period of days.